Potential of diatomaceous earth as a management tool against Acanthoscelides obtectus infestations

Keywords: inert dust, Phaseolus vulgaris, bean weevil control, biorational pest management

Abstract

The weevil Acanthoscelides obtectus (Say) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae) is a cosmopolitan pest that causes high losses in stored beans in small storage units and especially on-farm storages. Here, we tested the efficacy of the inert dust diatomaceous earth (DE) as an alternative to control A. obtectus in common beans (i.e., Phaseolus vulgaris L.) on different storage temperatures and exposure intervals. Using a completely randomized design we tested four doses (i.e., 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00 g kg-1) of diatomaceous earth on beans kept at different temperatures (i.e. 25, 28, 30, 32 and 35°C). Insect mortality was evaluated after two or five days of exposure. We further evaluate the impacts of diatomaceous earth in the offspring of five days-exposed A. obtectus adults. The offspring production (i.e., emerged adults) was evaluated 60 days after the exposure. Our results revealed that A. obtectus mortality caused by diatomaceous earth was dose-, temperature- and exposure period-dependent. For instance, at the lowest temperature (25°C), diatomaceous earth dose (0.25 g kg-1 of beans) and exposure period (two days), the efficacy of diatomaceous earth was significantly reduced when compared to the other treatments. When applied at temperatures above 30 °C, the diatomaceous earth treatments always resulted in A. obtectus mortality of at least 90%. Curiously, offspring production (F1) was reduced to over 95% in all diatomaceous earth, temperatures and exposure period treatments. Therefore, our results demonstrated that diatomaceous earth has the potential to be used as a tool to manage A. obtectus infestations in stored beans, considering that such control practice adequately reduced these insect infestations in several possible scenarios.

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Published
2019-10-16
How to Cite
Viteri Jumbo, L., Pimentel, M., Oliveira, E., Toledo, P., & D’Antonino Faroni, L. (2019). Potential of diatomaceous earth as a management tool against Acanthoscelides obtectus infestations. Revista De Ciencias Agrícolas, 36(E). Retrieved from http://revistas.udenar.edu.co/index.php/rfacia/article/view/4880
Section
Research and scientific and technological innovation article