Salud electrónica para el autocuidado de pacientes con factores de riesgo asociados al síndrome metabólico

  • Consuelo Vélez Álvarez Universidad Autónoma de Manizales
  • José Armando Vidarte Claros Universidad Autónoma de Manizales
  • Rosa Elvira Álvarez Rosero Universidad del Cauca
  • Jully Andrea García Navarro Universidad Autónoma de Manizales
Palabras clave: Diabetes mellitus, obesidad, telesalud, mensaje electrónico, autocuidado, obesity, telemedicine, electronic mail, self-care

Resumen

Resumen

El propósito de esta revisión, es identificar la evidencia científica sobre el uso de estrategias de salud electrónica en las intervenciones dirigidas a mejorar el autocuidado de pacientes con factores de riesgo cardiovascular asociado con la presencia de síndrome metabólico. Los artículos analizados fueron identificados en las bases de datos PubMed, Science Direct, Embase, Elsevier, Scielo, Adicional a esto se revisaron publicaciones estadísticas de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, La Federación Internacional de Diabetes, Guía de Síndrome Metabólico 2009 y ICT Facts and Figures World in 2013. Se tuvieron en cuenta 51 publicaciones realizadas entre los años 2009 y 2015, encontrándose mayor información en la intervención basada en el control del sobrepeso y la obesidad, como principal factor de riesgo para el desarrollo del síndrome metabólico. La evidencia encontrada en la literatura científica muestra la utilidad de la salud electrónica en el manejo de los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares asociados al síndrome metabólico, y el impacto de esta en la calidad de vida cuando son aplicadas con un adecuado protocolo.

 
 Abstract

The purpose of this review is to identify the scientific evidence on the use of electronic health strategies in interventions aimed at improving self-care of patients with cardiovascular risk factors associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome. The articles analyzed were identified in the databases PubMed, Science Direct, Embase, Elsevier and Scielo. In addition, statistical publications from the World Health Organization, the International Diabetes Federation, Metabolic Syndrome Guide 2009 and ICT Facts and Figures World in 2013 were reviewed. 51 publications between the years 2009 and 2015 were considered, where there were more information about the intervention based on the control of overweight and obesity as a major risk factor for the development of the metabolic syndrome. The evidence found in the scientific literature shows the usefulness of e-health in the management of cardiovascular risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome, and its impact on the quality of life when they are applied with a suitable protocol.

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Biografía del autor/a

Consuelo Vélez Álvarez, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales
Enfermera, Doctora en Salud Pública. Universidad Autónoma de Manizales. Manizales, Colombia.

José Armando Vidarte Claros, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales
Educador físico, Doctor en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y Deporte Universidad Autónoma de Manizales. Manizales,
Colombia.
Rosa Elvira Álvarez Rosero, Universidad del Cauca
Licenciada en Biología, Magister en Ciencias Biomédicas. Universidad del Cauca. Popayán, Colombia.
Jully Andrea García Navarro, Universidad Autónoma de Manizales
Profesional en Ciencias del Deporte y la Recreación. Joven Investigadora Colciencias. Universidad Autónoma de Manizales. Manizales, Colombia.

Citas

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Publicado
2016-04-29
Cómo citar
Vélez Álvarez, C., Vidarte Claros, J., Álvarez Rosero, R., & García Navarro, J. (2016). Salud electrónica para el autocuidado de pacientes con factores de riesgo asociados al síndrome metabólico. Universidad Y Salud, 18(1), 170-181. https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.161801.28
Sección
Revisión de Tema