Coagulación intravascular diseminada: Una revisión de tema

Palabras clave: Coagulación intravascular diseminada, sepsis, anticoagulantes

Resumen

Introducción: La Coagulación Intravascular Diseminada, es un síndrome secundario a patologías subyacentes, donde la activación localizada de la coagulación y la respuesta inflamatoria generalizada, pueden llevar a daños tisulares y microvasculares. Se ha reportado una prevalencia del 10,8% en varias unidades de cuidados intensivos de Colombia; su presentación en el contexto de sepsis es diferente según el tipo de infección. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión de la literatura de los conceptos más destacados de la Coagulación Intravascular Diseminada. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión por medio de la búsqueda de artículos originales, revisiones sistemáticas y narrativas, en las bases de datos PubMed y ScienceDirect y en el buscador Google Académico; se seleccionaron 80 artículos, de los cuales se incluyeron 51. Se tuvo en cuenta publicaciones en español, inglés y francés, con fecha de publicación menor o igual a 5 años. Resultados: Se realizó la descripción sobre tratamiento, etiología, presentación clínica y diagnóstico de la Coagulación Intravascular Diseminada, haciendo especial énfasis en los estudios sobre marcadores moleculares y nuevas alternativas terapéuticas. Conclusión: La Coagulación Intravascular Diseminada es una complicación que contribuye a aumentar la morbilidad y la mortalidad, cuyo pronto diagnóstico y tratamiento aportan significativamente a una mejor evolución clínica.

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Publicado
2018-08-31
Cómo citar
Hernández-Martínez, A., & Martínez-Sanchez, L. (2018). Coagulación intravascular diseminada: Una revisión de tema. Universidad Y Salud, 20(3), 283-291. https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.182003.132
Sección
Artículo de Revisión