Toxicological studies in poultry consuming fumonisin from corn contaminated with Brazilian Amazonian flora

  • Oelton Júnior Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Alex Sander Cangussu Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Ana Patrícia da Silva Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Kenia Rodrigues Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Mellanie Félix Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Túllio Teixeira Deusdará Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Tatiani Ferreira Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Hélio Brito Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Kelvinson Viana Universidade Federal da Integracão Latino-Americana
  • Eliane Macedo Sobrinho Instituto Federal do Norte Minas Gerais
  • Raimundo Wagner Aguiar Universidade Federal do Tocantins
  • Gil Rodrigues dos Santos Universidade Federal do Tocantins
Keywords: mycotoxins, corn meal, feed contamination

Abstract

The fungus Fusarium verticillioides produces fumonisins (FB1 and FB2), characterized by being the most frequently produced molecular forms and with greater toxicity. Fumonisin contamination is responsible for substantial losses during the meat production chain, so the safe levels of these compounds must be determined. The study was directed to establish safe levels of FB1 in poultry production; for this purpose, were used COBB 500® birds on experimental lots of infected corn during the 2015/2016 season in Brazil. The experimental group included 160 animals, divided into two groups: The T1 without fumonisin in the diet (control); and the T2 group in which corn was contaminated with 2.78 μg/g of fumonisin FB1. Histopathological effects of liver, heart, and small intestine, and zootechnical parameters were measured in birds treated. We found that there were no significant differences between the birds treated and untreated after 21 days of exposure to each treatment; F-values > P-values (P<0,05) for feed intake and weekly weight gain. Taken together, our data showed that the concentration evaluated is safe in poultry and will contribute to the design of future clinical studies.

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Published
2022-09-16
How to Cite
Júnior, O., Cangussu, A. S., da Silva, A., Rodrigues, K., Félix, M., Deusdará, T., Ferreira, T., Brito, H., Viana, K., Sobrinho, E., Aguiar, R., & dos Santos, G. (2022). Toxicological studies in poultry consuming fumonisin from corn contaminated with Brazilian Amazonian flora. Revista De Ciencias Agrícolas, 39(2). Retrieved from https://revistas.udenar.edu.co/index.php/rfacia/article/view/7066

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