Socioeconomic analysis of traditional cocoa (Theobroma cacao L) agroforestry systems

  • William Ballesteros Possú Universidad de Nariño
  • Jesús-Geovanny Solarte-Guerrero Universidad de Nariño
Keywords: dry forest, fruit trees, forestry, characterization, typification


The characterization of production systems is an important tool to determine their limitations and potentials. In the study region, this type of diagnosis has not been carried out, which does not allow the improvement and promotion of cocoa crops. The objective of this research was to socioeconomically characterize the traditional cocoa farms in the municipality of Los Andes - Sotomayor, in the department of Nariño. The methodology consisted of reviewing primary information and surveying cocoa farmers with a semi-structured surveys using a stratified random sample of 60 cocoa farmers. Eighteen qualitative and 20 quantitative variables were analyzed with multiple correspondence (MCA) and principal components analysis (PCA). In the PCA, five components explained 58.7% of the variability; the variables with the greatest contribution were the area of the farm, income from cocoa yield, income from agricultural production other than cocoa, and family labor. In the multiple correspondence analysis (MCA), 11 components explained the 58.43% of the variability. The most important components were farmer's schooling, type of transport, loans, marketing, technical assistance, gender, land tenure, production systems, roads, and domestic animals. Finally, topographic and climatic conditions, inadequate roads for the transportation and marketing of cocoa, and the low adoption of technologies limit the competitiveness of the products generated by this production system; therefore, it is necessary to create favorable conditions to enhance the potential of this crop in the area.


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How to Cite
Ballesteros Possú, W., & Solarte-Guerrero, J.-G. (2022). Socioeconomic analysis of traditional cocoa (Theobroma cacao L) agroforestry systems. Revista De Ciencias Agrícolas, 39(2). Retrieved from