Evaluation of selection systems in alternate and in situ environments in wheat Triticum aestivum L.

  • Luis Fernando Campuzano D. Corpoica
  • José Molina G. Colegio de Posgraduados
  • Sanjaya Rajaram Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMY)
Keywords: Stability, selection response, shuttle breeding, Triticum aestivum L.


Wheat breeding by alternating locations, known as Shuttle Breeding, has been the most efficient way to introduce and select genes for rust resistance, photoperiod insensitivity, and dwarfism, which are important attributes for increased yield. After 35 years of its implementation in Mexico and elsewhere in the world, this work was aimed to evaluated the benefits of the alternating system and determined which system, between alternating systems (Toluca-Cd. Obregon, Ciudad Obregon-Batán Batán -Toluca) and in situ systems (Toluca Toluca, Cd. Obregon-Cd. Obregon-Batán Batán), provides the largest number of wheat lines with high yield  and stability. As well as the association with the specific or general adaptation. The genetic material was gathered  from six wheat crosses and, after the modified mass selection, 32 lines were selected for each system to be evaluated on a14 x 14  alpha-lattice design, in an agricultural cycle, in three selection environments, in Cuidad Obregón, Batán, and Toluca, Mexico. The results showed that alternate selection compared to in situ site selection exhibited a 2.2% increase in yield. BT was the best system since it showed the highest yield and greatest number of lines with high performance and stability. In contrast, BY, TT, and YY systems made the lowest contribution to the lines with highly yield and stability.


Download data is not yet available.


ADEGOKE, A. 0. y FREY, K. J. 1981. Production traits of oatstrains from disruptively and non-disruptively propagated bulkpopulations in oats, Egyptian journal of genetics and cytology.10:199 - 212.

BYERLEE, D. y MOYA, P. 1993. Impacts of international wheatbreeding research in the developing world, 1969-90. Mexico,D.F. CIMMYT. 135 p.

BRAUN, H. J., RAJARAM, S. y VAN GINKEL, M. 1996. CIMMYT'sapproach to breeding wheat for wide adaptation. Euphytica.92:175 - 183.

BORLAUG, N. E. 1968. Wheat, rust, and people. Phytopathology.55:1088 - 1098.

CENTRO INTERNACIONAL DE AGRICULTURA TROPICAL(CIAT). 2014. Estrategia CIAT 2014-2020. Construyendo unfuturo ecoeficiente. CIAT, Cali, Colombia. 48 p.

CROSSA, J., FOX, P. N., PFEIFFER, W., RAJARAM, S. y GAUCH,H. G. 1991. AMMI adjustment for statistical analysis of twointernational maize cultivar trials. Theoretical and AppliedGenetics. 81:27 - 37.

EBERHART, S. A. y RUSSELL, W. A. 1966. Stability parameters forcomparing varieties. Crop Science. 6:36 - 40.

LANTICA, M.A., DUBIN, H.J y MORRIS, M.L. 2005 Impacts ofInternational Wheat Breeding Research in the DevelopingWorld, 1988–2002. México, DF: CIMMYT.

LU Y. C., TSAI K. H. y OKA I. 1967. Studies of soybean breedingin Taiwan. 1. Breeding experiments with successive hybridgenerations grown in different season. Botanical Bulletinof Academia Sinica. 8:80 - 90.

PERRY, M. W. y D´ANTUONO, M. E. 1989. Yield improvement andassociate characteristics of some Australian spring wheats cultivarsbetween 1860 and 1982. Australian Journal of AgriculturalResearch. 40:457 - 472.

PLAISTED, R. L. y PETERSON, L. C. 1959. A technique for evaluatingthe ability of selections to yield consistently in differentlocations and seasons. American Potato Journal. 36:381 - 385RAJARAM, S., MANN, CH., ORTIZ-FERRARA, G. y MUJEEBKAZI,A. 1983. Adaptation, stability and high yield potentialof certain IB/IR CIMMYT Wheats. Proc. Int. Wheat Genet.Symp. 6 th. 613 - 621.

RAJARAM, S., GINKEL, M. y FISCHER, R. A. 1994. CIMMYT'swheat breeding Mega-environments (ME). In Proceedings ofthe 8th International Wheat Genetic Symposium. Beijing, China.1101 - 1106 p.

RAJARAM, S. y MORGOUNOV, I. 1995. Wheat GermplasmImprovement at CIMMYT Mexico. Proc. Of the Ukaraine/CIMMYT Workshop. In: Heat Program Special Report WPSRNo 37. 120 p.

REYNOLDS, M. P., PASK, A. S. D., MULLAN, D. M. y CHAVEZDULANTO,P. N. 2013. Fitomejoramiento fisiológico I: Enfoqueinterdisciplinario para mejorar la adaptación del cultivo.México, D.F.: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maízy Trigo (CIMMYT). 174 p.

REYNOLDS, M. P. y BORLAUG, N. E. 2006. Impacts of breedingon international collaborative wheat improvement.Journal of Agricultural Science. 144:3 - 1.

SAYRE, K. D., RAJARAM, S. y FISHER, R. A. 1997. Yield Potentialprogress in short Bread Wheat's in Northwest Mexico.Crop Science. 37:36 - 42.

SHABANA, R T., BAILEY, T. y FREY, K. J. 1980. Productiontraits of oats selected under low, medium and high productivity.Crop Science. 20:739 - 744.

SPRAGUE, G. F. y FEREDER, W. I. 1951. A comparison of variancecomponent in corn yield trials. Agronomy Journal.43:535 - 541.

TRETHOWAN, R.M., REYNOLDS, M.P., ORTIZ-MONASTERIO, J.I.y ORTIZ, R. 2007. The genetic basis of the green revolution on inwheat production. Plant Breeding Reviews. 28:39 - 58.

YOUNG, C. y FREY, K. J. 1994. Grain-yield characteristics of oatlines surviving uniform and shuttle strategies. Euphytica. 76:63 - 71.

How to Cite
Campuzano D., L., Molina G., J., & Rajaram, S. (2015). Evaluation of selection systems in alternate and in situ environments in wheat Triticum aestivum L. Revista De Ciencias Agrícolas, 32(2), 36-45. https://doi.org/10.22267/rcia.153202.11