Impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en las pruebas de infecciones de transmisión sexual en un entorno universitario

Palabras clave: Infecciones de transmisión sexual, Servicios de salud estudiantil, Pandemia por COVID-19

Resumen

Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 ha tenido un gran impacto en los sistemas de salud. Muchas citas no urgentes se hicieron virtualmente para limitar riesgos de exposición. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la pandemia en las pruebas para infecciones de transmisión sexual en servicios de salud universitarios. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo del número de pruebas de infecciones de transmisión sexual realizadas, tasas de positividad y porcentaje de “cumplimiento de seguimiento” en el diagnóstico, desde marzo a septiembre del 2020 y su comparación con datos históricos (2015-2019) en los Servicios de Salud de UW-Madison. Resultados: Se encontró una reducción significativa en el número de pruebas realizadas y aumento de la tasa positiva, comparado con datos históricos para la muestra total y por sexo. Hubo disminución en el porcentaje de seguimiento para toda la muestra y para mujeres, y un incremento para hombres. Conclusiones: El análisis muestra reducciones significativas en pruebas para infecciones de transmisión sexual y seguimiento durante 2020, comparado con años anteriores y un incremento en la tasa de positividad. El hallazgo de una mayor positividad con un bajo número de pruebas se debe probablemente a la clasificación de los pacientes, facilitando así pruebas en aquellos con mayor riesgo.

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Publicado
2022-08-30
Cómo citar
Marconi, A., Falk-Hanson, E., Crass, M., & Campbell, P. (2022). Impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en las pruebas de infecciones de transmisión sexual en un entorno universitario. Universidad Y Salud, 24(3), 256-266. https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.222403.280
Sección
Artículo de investigación científica y tecnológica