Craneosinostosis: Revisión de literatura

Craneosinostosis: Revisión de literatura

Irina Suley Tirado Pérez, José Fernando Sequeda Monterroza, Andrea Carolina Zarate Vergara

Resumen

Resumen

Las craneosinostosis consisten en el cierre prematuro parcial o total de una o más suturas craneales, con una incidencia de 1 de cada 1000 a 3000 nacidos vivos, con mayor prevalencia en varones. Dentro del contexto de las craneosinostosis primaria, la escafocefalia o craneosinostosis sagital es la forma más frecuente y conocida. Al presentarse en un período de vida donde el crecimiento cráneo cerebral es muy importante, ocasiona en los niños una deformidad craneal característica que debe ser corregida, ya que en caso contrario y al ser progresiva, la afectación estética puede ser muy indeseable; las alteraciones funcionales que se pueden presentar van desde aumento de la presión intracraneana, hasta convulsiones, entre otras. Se realizó una búsqueda en bases de datos como PUDMED, RIMA, MEDLINE, MEDSCAPE de revisiones de temas, guías de manejo, artículos y análisis estadísticos, en idioma inglés, donde se encontraron 1.469 referencias. Después de una primera mirada de los artículos a través de sus resúmenes comprendidos en el periodo de tiempo año 2000 a 2014, finalmente se seleccionaron 50 artículos en texto completo abarcando el tema en su totalidad que cumplían los requisitos de búsqueda.

Abstract

The craniosynostosis consist of full or partial premature closure of one or more cranial sutures, with an incidence of 1 in 1000 3000 live births, with higher prevalence in males. Within the context of primary craniosynostosis, sagittal craniosynostosis scaphocephaly or is the most common and known form. To occur over a period of life where growth cranium is very important causes in children a characteristic skull deformity should be corrected, since otherwise and being progressive, aesthetic involvement can be very undesirable; functional alterations that may occur include increased intracranial pressure, seizures and others. A search was conducted in databases such as PUBMED, RIMA, MEDLINE, Medscape reviews issues, management guides, articles and statistical analysis, in english, where they found 1,469 references. After a first look at the articles through their summaries included in the period 2000 to 2014, finally 50 articles were selected in full text covering the subject fully meeting the conditions search.

Palabras clave

Craneosinostosis; sinostosis; suturas craneales; Craneosynostosis; synostosis; cranial sutures

Texto completo:

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Referencias

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