Factores asociados al síndrome de desgaste laboral en auxiliares de enfermería

Palabras clave: Agotamiento emocional, auxiliares de enfermería, factores asociados, Casos y Controles, regresión Logística

Resumen

Introducción: El Síndrome de Desgaste Laboral o Burnout, es entendido como una baja resiliencia para afrontar el estrés laboral. Objetivo: Identificar factores asociados al Burnout y la prevalencia global y de cada uno de sus constructos, entre auxiliares de enfermería en un hospital de referencia de mediana y alta complejidad, en Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de casos y controles, con 183 auxiliares registradas en un hospital. Se utilizó el instrumento de Maslach y se identificaron los factores asociados utilizando la regresión Log-Binomial determinando los Odds Ratio (OR). Resultados: Los factores encontrados asociados con Burnout que aumentan la probabilidad de ocurrencia son: trabajar más de 48 horas por semana, OR=1,02 (1,01-1.05) al 90% de confianza; sentirse mal con el trabajo que se realiza OR=3,87 (1,18-10,71); el dormir siete horas o más al día OR=0,70 (0,53-0,91), disminuye la probabilidad. La prevalencia total de Burnout fue 44,7%, siendo 11,8% para agotamiento personal, 14,9% despersonalización y 47,81% pobre realización personal. Conclusiones: Los factores asociados: no dormir suficiente y sentirse mal con la tarea que se realiza, aumentan la probabilidad de desarrollar Burnout, mientras que dormir 7 o más horas diarias la disminuye. Estos hallazgos facilitarán la aplicación de medidas de control institucional.

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Biografía del autor/a

Gustavo Bergonzoli, Grupo de Gestión del Conocimiento e Innovación (GECOI) del Hospital Tomas Uribe Uribe. Tuluá, Valle.

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Publicado
2021-04-30
Cómo citar
Bergonzoli, G., Jaramillo-López, C., Delgado-Grijalba, D., Duque, F., Vivas, G., & Tinoco-Zapata, F. (2021). Factores asociados al síndrome de desgaste laboral en auxiliares de enfermería. Universidad Y Salud, 23(2), 120-128. https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.212302.223
Sección
Artículo de investigación científica y tecnológica