Asociación entre calidad del tratamiento endodóntico y periodontitis apical, evaluada mediante Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico en una población colombiana

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.232501.295

Palabras clave:

Tomografía computarizada por rayos X, Estudios transversales, Periodontitis apical, Endodoncia

Resumen

Introducción: La prevalencia de periodontitis apical en dientes con tratamiento endodóntico oscila entre el 35 y el 60%, se ha encontrado una fuerte asociación con respecto al grado de inflamación sistémica generada por la periodontitis apical, como por ejemplo altos niveles de citoquinas proinflamatorias, proteína C reactiva e interleuquina 6; estudios refieren que un tratamiento endodóntico adecuado puede reducir los niveles de proteína C reactiva en individuos sanos y con periodontitis apical. Objetivo: Evaluar la frecuencia de periodontitis apical en una población adulta colombiana seleccionada y su correlación con la calidad del tratamiento endodóntico. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional analítico de corte transversal, se determinó la frecuencia de periodontitis apical en 318 CBCT (Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico), de pacientes de una subpoblación de Bucaramanga y Medellín y evaluó la asociación de la calidad del tratamiento endodóntico con el estado periapical. Resultados: Sólo el 37,66% de los dientes evaluados fueron considerados sanos; el 44,81% se clasificaron como tratamiento endodóntico adecuado. La calidad del tratamiento endodóntico influyó significativamente en la condición del periodonto apical. Conclusiones: Los tratamientos evaluados presentaron alta frecuencia de periodontitis apical, la cual se asoció en buena parte a la alta frecuencia de tratamientos endodónticos inadecuados.

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Publicado

2023-01-31

Cómo citar

1.
Blanco-Fuentes BY, Moreno-Monsalve JO, Mesa-Herrera U. Asociación entre calidad del tratamiento endodóntico y periodontitis apical, evaluada mediante Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico en una población colombiana. Univ. Salud [Internet]. 31 de enero de 2023 [citado 17 de junio de 2024];25(1):D1-D5. Disponible en: https://revistas.udenar.edu.co/index.php/usalud/article/view/6653

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Sección

Calidad de servicios en salud