Percepción de tiempo, salud mental en tiempos de pandemia por COVID-19 y cuarentenas

  • Andrés Camargo-Sánchez Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud y del Deporte, Fundación Universitaria del Área Andina. Bogotá, Colombia - Programa de Medicina, Universidad de Ciencias Aplicadas y Ambientales. Bogotá, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4723-9310
  • Rafael Vargas Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada – UMNG. Bogotá, Colombia - Programa de Medicina. Fundación Universitaria San Martín. Bogotá, Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5702-9240
Palabras clave: Confinamiento involuntario, pandemias, percepción del tiempo, infecciones por Coronavirus

Resumen

Introducción: Debido a la pandemia por COVID-19 fue necesario implementar la cuarentena obligatoria, con el fin de contener la propagación del virus; situación que generó cambios en los estilos de vida y diversas respuestas que incluyen temor, ansiedad, monotonía e incertidumbre. Esto pudo alterar la capacidad en la percepción del tiempo de los individuos, y con ello afectar su salud mental. Objetivo: Sintetizar las bases neurológicas del fenómeno de percepción de tiempo, su importancia y la evidencia científica sobre posibles alteraciones en condiciones de cuarentena. Materiales y métodos: Revisión bibliográfica temática en bases de datos Pubmed, Medline, Scopus, y Google Scholar. Los términos de búsqueda en español e inglés incluyeron: percepción de tiempo, estimación de tiempo, pandemia, cognición, estados emocionales, salud mental. Resultados: Se describe el concepto de percepción del tiempo, sus bases neurológicas y las alteraciones que se pueden generar. Conclusión: La salud mental fue afectada por la pandemia, sin embargo, se desconoce con claridad la forma como se desarrolló dicha afectación a mediano y largo plazo.

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Publicado
2022-04-30
Cómo citar
Camargo-Sánchez, A., & Vargas, R. (2022). Percepción de tiempo, salud mental en tiempos de pandemia por COVID-19 y cuarentenas. Universidad Y Salud, 24(2), 197-204. https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.222402.272
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Artículo de Revisión