Gestión ambiental de aguas residuales industriales con mercurio proveniente de la minería aurífera a nivel mundial: Estado del arte

  • Jennyfer Magdalia Garzón Gutiérrez Universidad Distrital de Francisco José de Caldas
  • Juan Pablo Rodríguez Miranda Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas
Palabras clave: Minería, oro, mercurio, Mining, gold, mercury

Resumen

Resumen

Introducción: Dada la problemática social y ambiental generada por la minería aurífera artesanal y a pequeña escala (MAAPE), se lleva a cabo en el presente documento la revisión del estado del arte en cuanto a la gestión ambiental de aguas residuales con mercurio (Hg) a nivel mundial. Materiales y métodos: La revisión se realizó a partir de artículos científicos publicados durante los últimos cinco años, encontrando que las intervenciones para abordar los impactos por Hg en la MAAPE, se han enfocado en la creación de leyes de reducción y eliminación del uso del mercurio, las cuales han sido poco efectivas. Resultados: El 62% de los sitios evaluados, se encuentran en una categoría de gestión ambiental inexistente, el 8% se encuentra en etapa reactiva y el 31% en responsable, mientras que no se encontró ningún proceso en gestión proactiva o competitiva. De otra parte, se encontraron diversos estudios a nivel experimental sobre tratamientos de aguas residuales con Hg, que podrían ser adaptados a la gestión de los residuos líquidos provenientes de la MAAPE.

Abstract

Introduction: Given the social and environmental problems caused by artisanal and small-scale gold mining (MAAPE), the review of the state of art was conducted in this paper in terms of environmental management of wastewater with mercury (Hg) worldwide. Materials and methods: The review was conducted from scientific articles published over the past five years. It was found that interventions to address the impacts by Hg in the MAAPE have been focused on the creation of laws to reduce and eliminate the use of mercury, which have been ineffective. Results: In this way, 62% of the tested sites are in a category of nonexistent environmental management, 8% is in reactive phase and 31% in charge phase, while no process was found in proactive or competitive management. Moreover, several experimental studies on wastewater treatment with Hg were found, which could be adapted to the management of liquid waste from the MAAPE found.

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Biografía del autor/a

Jennyfer Magdalia Garzón Gutiérrez, Universidad Distrital de Francisco José de Caldas
MSc. en Desarrollo sustentable y gestión ambiental. Universidad Distrital de Francisco José de Caldas. Bogotá D.C., Colombia.
Juan Pablo Rodríguez Miranda, Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas
Ingeniero Sanitario y Ambiental, Candidato a PhD. en Ingeniería. Profesor Asociado. Facultad del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales - Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, Bogotá D.C., Colombia.

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Publicado
2015-05-26
Cómo citar
Garzón Gutiérrez, J., & Rodríguez Miranda, J. (2015). Gestión ambiental de aguas residuales industriales con mercurio proveniente de la minería aurífera a nivel mundial: Estado del arte. Universidad Y Salud, 17(1), 132-144. Recuperado a partir de http://revistas.udenar.edu.co/index.php/usalud/article/view/2403
Sección
Artículo de Revisión