Enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos y su efecto en el rendimiento de carreras contrarreloj: Revisión sistemática

Palabras clave: Suplementos dietético, carbohidratos, enjuague bucal, rendimiento deportivo, medicina deportiva

Resumen

Introducción: Actualmente, los efectos del enjuague bucal con carbohidratos sobre el rendimiento son controvertidos, algunos estudios plantean efectos ergogénicos, mientras que otros no han reportado efecto luego de suministrar enjuague bucal con carbohidratos. Objetivo: Determinar si existe evidencia científica que avale los distintos protocolos de enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos y su efecto sobre el rendimiento deportivo en carreras de ciclismo contrarreloj. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica entre el 2015 y 2019 en las bases de datos Medline, Biblioteca Cochrane y Scopus utilizando los términos “Carbohydrates”, “Mouth rinse” y “Athletic performance”. Resultados: Se revisaron 96 estudios y se seleccionaron 7 en diversos grupos poblacionales, con diferentes métodos de evaluación y diversas dosis de enjuague con carbohidratos. Los resultados obtenidos fueron controversiales, en algunos casos se demostró efecto ergogénico y en otros no. Conclusiones: Los efectos de los enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos son controvertidos, por lo que no se puede asegurar que provoquen mejoras de rendimiento en carreras de ciclismo contrarreloj. Se requiere de más estudios aleatorizados controlados que logren homogeneizar e identificar los mecanismos de acción específicos mediante el cual los enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos actúan sobre distintas poblaciones de estudio.

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Biografía del autor/a

Héctor Fuentes-Barría, Facultad de Salud, Universidad Santo Tomás, Santiago, Chile
   

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Publicado
2020-08-31
Cómo citar
Fuentes-Barría, H., Aguilera-Eguía, R., González-Wong, C., Flores-Fernández, C., Herrera-Serna, B., Valenzuela-Pérez, D., & Urbano-Cerda, S. (2020). Enjuagues bucales con carbohidratos y su efecto en el rendimiento de carreras contrarreloj: Revisión sistemática. Universidad Y Salud, 22(3), 280-287. https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.202203.200
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